Wednesday, September 30, 2015

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF CAPITALIST INDIVIDUALITY AND THE NEED FOR SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

1.-SCIOPATHS- 2.- INDIVIDUALISTS- 3.- COLLECTIVISTS- 4.- SUPPLY SIDE- 5.- DEMAND SIDE- 16.- SYNTHESIS

To understand any phenomenon one needs to study its positives and negatives in relation to its opposite, which also has positives and negatives. The result of this tension, which is the synthesis, harbors elements of both. One side of the equation is growing stronger and coming to the fore  while the other side is growing weaker and fading away. The same is true with its opposite, but in varying degrees. The truth will be revealed upon examination of which side is growing stronger and which side is growing weaker, and what the outcomes are, in which each eventually turns into it opposite. Truth can only be based on facts, not on conjecture or wishful thinking. 

2.-SOCIOPATHS-  INDIVIDUALIST NEGATIVES- Sociopaths are individualists who lack  empathy  or conscience, have poor impulse control  and are  manipulative. Fundamentally they are antisocial. These characteristics are valued under capitalism, because they can be seen  as providing audacious leadership by people who are adaptive in a highly competitive environment, and that get results for both the individual and the corporations. Capitalists are individualistic and sociopathological predators  who use charm,  intimidation, and violence  to control others and to satisfy their own selfish egos and lust for power. Whoever was responsible for the 911 events shows that kind of madness. Lacking in conscience and in feelings for others, they take what they want and do as they please,  parasitically violating traditional social norms without  guilt or remorse, feeling that their superiority gives them carte blanche to do whatever they want.  They exhibit qualities that don't allow a human being to live in social harmony. Their egocentricity  and lack insight lead to little sense of responsibility or consequence. Their emotions are superficial and shallow, callous,  and incapable of forming lasting relationships, let alone showing any kind of meaningful love. They never perform any action unless it can be beneficial for themselves.

EMPTINESS. Even though they satisfy their feelings of being superior, at the same time they suffer a feeling of emotional emptiness, the result of having no concern for the feelings of others and no sense of social obligation, due to an inability to process contextual cues. Consequently, when others become hostile at their behavior, they blame the victim.  People in individual societies are known to feel "lonely" at some times or another compared to their collectivist counterparts. Many people also find it easier to live in a society where social harmony is emphasized, and groups by definition remain more cohesive than in individualist societies, where groups are observed to be in competition and are less stable.   Sociopath individualists have low tolerance for frustration and aggression. They have no  anxiety  in relation to their behavior; they are devoid of conscience. However, they are very good at mimicking a  conscientious manner when it suits their needs relying on their superficial charm to mask their unreliability, untruthfulness, insincerity and lack of shame. They exhibit antisocial behavior without apparent compunction, and  fail to learn from experience. After the market crash of 2008, caused largely by loans and derivatives, as soon as they were bailed out they went back to the same exact behavior, paving the way for a subsequent crash.

PERSONAL RELATIONS. They show a pathological incapacity to love. To them love is an arrangement of trophy wives, prenups and divorce settlements, which may include highly lucrative lawsuits, but exhibit general poverty in major affective reactions, and  unresponsiveness in general interpersonal relations, leading to a sex life that is impersonal, trivial, and poorly integrated.

AGGRESSION. They routinely engage in  aggression towards peers. They think its funny to get  others into trouble and are capable of initiating  a campaign of psychological torment. If they are found out they become more cunning in hiding their behavior better, and become  even more adept at manipulating others and concealing their  behavior. They  engage in such conduct because they care little about others. Their lifestyle may lead to depression and even at times suicide or murder, showing impulsivity, weak behavioral controls, irresponsibility, lack of realistic long-term goals, (for example in finance preferring short-term profits to long range planning, as in their use of derivatives),  proneness to boredom/need for stimulation, and a parasitic lifestyle. They show  a narcissistic and histrionic personality correlated to antisocial attitudes associated with reactive anger, anxiety, increased  criminality, and  violence. Their imagined superiority is made manifest by huge yachts, private planes and multimillion dollar homes on various continents. They engage in cruelty to animals and humans. They engage in the deliberate setting of wars with utter disregard for the property and lives of others, rationalizing their need for wealth and power. Lies are so extensive that it is often impossible to know lies from truth. (Ivasion of Iraq).

2.- INDIVIDUALISTS.  NEGATIVES.- Sociopaths are individualists to an exaggerated degree. Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the  centerdness of the individual. Individualists promote the exercise of their goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and push for the  interests of the individual  to achieve precedence over the well being of the state or a social group. They  oppose external interference upon their own interests by society or institutions (such as the much touted government).  Individualism is considered "free" when contrasted with totalitarianism (top down), or, (bottom up) collectivism.   Individualists do not favour any philosophy that requires the sacrifice of the self-interest of the individual for higher social causes.   According to them, humans first seek to ensure survival, and then they seek to dominate. These facets of human nature are supposedly a product of genetically coded survival instincts modified by the totality of our environment . Accordingly, once humans' basic needs have been filled  they may employ  self-interest.  Excessive general self-interest, however, leads to deception, criminality, and conflict. The doctrine of economic individualism holds that each individual should be allowed autonomy in making his or her own economic decisions as opposed to those decisions being made by the state, the community, or even the corporation.  Such a person  is justified in not paying taxes, attempting government coups, etc. all in the name of freedom.

POLITICAL ECONOMY. In capitalist economics, people's behavior is equally explained in terms of rational choice, as constrained by prices and incomes. The economist accepts individuals' preferences as givens. The economist continues to search for differences in prices or incomes to explain any differences or changes in behavior.  This method  is often rejected by collectivist, Islamic, or Confucian societies in Asia or the Middle East, (for example, it is against Islam to charge interest), making them easy targets for Western propaganda  Many foundational assumptions that dominated most earlier theories of government, such as the Divine Right of Kings, hereditary status, and established (Catholic) religion,  were fiercely opposed, often by armed might (Protestant Reformation). That opposition was capitalism in its infancy. Evidence that modern, decadent capitalism is starting to fade away is manifested by five points that show its inherent weakness; First, the system is unplanned and  unstable. This anarchy of production cannot reconciliate the social character of production and the private confiscation of production, and thus makes the recurring crises inevitable.(stock market crashes) Second,  It is an asymmetrical system, that is, the chasing after wealth produces the concentration and centralization of capital and the wealth of the society in a few  hands (polarization). Third, the global economy is market oriented and nationalist,  and requires military protection  to function globally (endless wars). Fourth,  The transnational corporations exclude  all the citizens of the world community, who have no say so in their decisions, and do not satisfy the needs of the population (world hunger). Fifth,  The development and use of resources of the first world is simply ecologically unsustainable (pollution).

EXISTENTIALISM  is practiced by those who not only think about their  own individuality but have no hesitation in sacrificing the individuality of others. This to them is the normative ethical position, that moral agents ought to do what is in their own self-interest. Existentialism is a term applied to those who generally hold that the focus of philosophical thought should selfishly be to deal with the conditions of existence of the individual  and his or her emotions, actions, responsibilities, and thoughts. The individual solely has the responsibilities of giving one's own life meaning and living that life passionately and sincerely, in spite of many  obstacles and distractions that exist, including despair, angst, absurdity, alienation, and boredom. Subsequent existential philosophers retain the emphasis on the individual, but differ on the potential consequences of the existence or non-existence of God. Existentialism became fashionable in the capitalist West during the post-World War years as a way to reassert the importance of human individuality and "freedom", the existentialist  shibboleth of preference.  But, freedom leads to libertinage.  A libertine is one devoid of most moral restraints, which are seen as unnecessary or undesirable, especially one who ignores or even spurns accepted morals and forms of behaviour sanctified by the larger society. Libertines place value on physical pleasures only.

OBJECTIVISM.- Objectivism is a similar system based on individuality  that holds: reality exists independent of consciousness; human beings gain knowledge rationally from perception through the process of concept formation and inductive and deductive logic; the moral purpose of one's life is the pursuit of one's own happiness or rational self-interest. Objectivists demand full respect for individual rights, embodied in pure laissez faire capitalism; and the role of art in human life is to transform man's widest metaphysical ideas, by selective reproduction of reality, into a physical form—a work of art—that he can comprehend and to which he can respond emotionally. Objectivism celebrates man as his own hero, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute.

FREEDOM IS TYRANNY-TURNING INTO ITS OPPOSITE.-  The greatest error held by proponents of "freedom" is that it is free. In  fact, private ownership over the means of production and  a return to 'free' competition means for the great mass of people a tyranny  worse  than that of an unyielding state. The term "free individual" is really  a smokescreen for the collective interests of the capitalist class; it is a front for the interests of the upper class, the straitjacket of individuality, as is  'rugged individualism', which  is only a masked attempt to repress and defeat the individual and his individuality. So-called Individualism is the social and economic laissez-faire: the exploitation of the masses by the ruling classes by means of legal trickery, spiritual debasement and systematic indoctrination and promotion  of the servile spirit ...  The idea has  resulted in the greatest modern debt slavery, the crassest class distinctions, driving millions to the breadline. 'Rugged individualism' has meant all the 'individualism' for the masters, while the people are regimented into a slave caste to serve a handful of self-seeking 'supermen.' ... This  is simply one of the many pretenses the ruling class makes to mask unbridled business and political extortion.

3.- COLLECTIVISM - NEGATIVE- TURNING INTO ITS OPPOSITE- Democratic and egalitarian collectivsm can also turn into its opposite. The danger in vertical collectivism is that those at the top can begin to exercise illegitimate power over those below. If  authoritarian collectivities are allowed to flourish,  power may accrue to the person or group who is supposed to embody the collective. For example,  in regards to a police department, an individual can be detained whether he or she wishes to or not, overriding his or her will . This can constitute a misuse of power. Collectives can degenerate into unquestioning, mass crowd mentality.  Popular conception interprets collectivism as mandated adherence to a state or other entity opposed to individual autonomy. This belief however may more precisely refer to corporatism,  nationalism, fascism,  etc. which in the 20th century was often considered the only forms of collectivism. As a consequence of the Cold War, and poor social science education  vertical  collectivism assumes that individuals are fundamentally different from each other. There are two main objections to collectivism from the point of view  of individualism. One is that collectivism stifles individuality and diversity by insisting upon a common social identity, such as nationalism or some other group focus. The other is that collectivism is linked to statism and the diminution of freedom when political authority is used to advance collectivist goals. . As soon as a faction has succeeded in winning the support of the majority of citizens and thereby attained control of the government machine, it is free to deny to the minority all those democratic rights by means of which it itself has previously carried on its own struggle for supremacy.   Some anti-collectivists  argue that all authoritarian and totalitarian societies are (vertically) collectivist in nature. Socialists argue that modern capitalism and private property, which is based on socialized production and joint-stock or corporate ownership structures, is a form of organic collectivism that sharply contrasts with the perception that capitalism is a system of free individuals exchanging commodities.  Some believe that collectivism results in the empowerment of a minority of individuals that leads to further oppression of the majority of the population in the name of some ideal such as a moral and political obligation of the individual to sacrifice his own interests for the sake of a greater social good.  Objectivists are particularly vocal opponents of collectivism, arguing that it leads to totalitarianism and the   subjugation of the individual to a group.
HISTORY.- Collectivism has in actuality been observed throughout history and has existed  for thousands of years, and has been noticed at the very founding of human societies until now.
There is a distinction between guilt societies (e.g., medieval Europe) with an internal reference standard, and shame societies (e.g., Japan, bringing shame upon one's ancestors) with an external reference standard, where people look to their peers for feedback on whether an action is acceptable or not. Monarchical societies  had a system of social ranks which were collectivist because the social rank one had or did not have was more important than his or her individual will.

4.  SUPPLY SIDE FINANCE - NEGATIVES-  In the classical perspective the output of an economy is determined by the level of employment. This model states that a government's proper role is to concern itself only with the money supply, and to otherwise leave the economy to regulate itself.  It claims that interest rates are what determine how much people save and—because investment money is drawn from savings—how much is invested.  The price levels for goods in an economy are set by the volume of money flowing in the economy. Investment typically follows a pattern:  an initial enthusiasm toward exploiting new natural resources  and people, followed by a period of caution since greedy overexpanding could possibly check growth, and finally a period of inactivity comes about when the market becomes saturated, and the investor keeps his/her fingers crossed hoping nothing will go wrong in the anarchical structure of investment. Thereupon follows a crisis of overproduction with no takers, and goods have to be thrown away or left to rot in order to keep the prices up.   This is referred to as "supply-side" economics— the most influential factor on an economy's growth is the quantity of supplies and how much producers are selling on the market.  It is stated that "supply creates its own demand," meaning that producers pay out incomes in order to produce their product and, by so doing, give people money with which, they argue, they will either spend their earnings  or invest.

BLAME FOR FAILURE.-   Supply-side economics proposes that production or supply is the key to economic prosperity and that consumption or demand is merely a secondary consequence. The supply of one good constitutes demand for one or more other goods. This requires that the original good have some value to another party and it is through willingness to trade this value that the producer of the new good can express his demand for another good.  Supply siders blame economic failure on high tax-rate progressive income tax systems, advocating  lower tax rates and a return to some kind of gold standard, so the capitalist can have more money to invest.  What actually  happens  when a country's economy seriously declines is that its citizens' income contracts and the possibility of saving diminishes.  This  puts the economy in paralysis—a frozen state of economic balance. The essential characteristic of a depression is a drop in investments.  Since  there is not a surplus of savings, interest rates remain high so the capitalist can hang on to the money.  However, investment will not be encouraged, since the risks increase and the amount of return on investment dips.  Consequently, an economy in a depression may very well stay that way—in depression. It is the  ruthless, speculative nature of economies.   Masses of unemployed  people can be crying for goods, while the economy run by individualists refuses to produce, due to a lack of sufficient investment . Supply side is inevitably revealed as a hoax.   Meanwhile, a rising segment of the unemployed simply do not have the ability to make the stricken  economy respond since they do not have by themselves the resources necessary to generate economic change.

THE CRASH.- The current decline in the US stock market is due to  the supply side theory in action.  Years of excessive cash availability supplied by the Federal Reserve have created a bubble so huge that a mere six stocks,  which have no earnings in keeping with their overblown price, accounted for more than all of the gain in market capitalization . The stock market decline is  due to corporations using their profits, and even taking out loans, to repurchase their shares, thus creating an artificial demand for the money value of the stock  shares, which was not backed by durable goods or value.  Orders fell  for  six consecutive months. Real median family income collapsed,  resulting in the collapse of consumer demand, after two decades of offshoring middle class jobs and partially replacing them with minimum wage  jobs and below without benefits,  none of which provide sufficient income to form a household. Supply-side economics developed  in response to the failure of  management to stabilize Western economies during the period of stagnation and inflation, where  the inflation rate was high, the economic growth rate slowed, and unemployment remained steadily high.  All this in the wake of the oil crisis where oil consumption–in the form of gasoline and other products–was rising even as domestic oil production was declining. US capitalists assumed that supply side would carry them through on oil production but the Middle Eastern countries placed an embargo on oil production to the West to curtail its -and Israel's- colonial expansionism, leading to an increasing dependence on oil imported from abroad, which  was not forth coming, and which in turn led  to a fuel shortage and sky high prices. .  The new thinking was forced to take into account   the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets, including national, regional, and global economies.

9.- DEMAND SIDE NEGATIVE- Those who advocate demand side are criticized for the fact that the theory can be  adapted more to the conditions of a totalitarian state than the theory of production and distribution of a given production put forth under free competition and  laissez-faire conditions. The total income in a society is defined by the sum of consumption and investment; and in a state of unemployment and unused production capacity, one can only enhance employment and total income by first increasing expenditures for  consumption. This is viewed as the foundation of  performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets, including national, regional, and global economies. Another criticism is the promotion of  stagnation and inflation, where   the inflation rate was high, the economic growth rate slowed, and unemployment remains steadily high, although the population is subsidized.
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2.- INDIVIDUALISM- POSITIVES- LA VIE BOHEME.- Humans societies need individualism to light the creative spark. The human individual has  the right  to freedom and self-realization.  Individualism is often contrasted either with totalitarianism (top down) or with collectivism, (bottom up) but in fact there is a spectrum of behaviors at the societal level ranging from highly individualistic societies through mixed societies to collectivist. Individualism is  associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition. Individualism attracted a dedicated following of bohemian artists and intellectuals,  birth control advocates ,  naturists, nudists, freethought and anti-clerical activists as well as young anarchist outlaws, people who express their opposition in uniquely personal forms, especially in fiery tracts, outrageous behavior, and aberrant lifestyles in the cultural ghettos. It  remains largely a bohemian lifestyle, most conspicuous in its demands for sexual freedom, free love, and enamored of innovations in art, behavior, and clothing, evidencing a  denial of social conventions and dogmas in order to live in accord to one's own ways and desires.  Hedonism  is a  theory  which argues that pleasure is the only intrinsic good and pain is the only intrinsic bad.
 ANARCHISM.-  contends that the State lacks moral legitimacy and  advocates (usually) peaceful evolution to overcome it.  Philosophical anarchists do not believe that they have an obligation or duty to obey the State, nor conversely, that the State has a right to command. Individualism here is  used to denote a personality with a strong tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors. Individualists are chiefly concerned with protecting individual autonomy against obligations imposed by social institutions (such as the state or religious morality).   Civil libertarianism  supports civil liberties, and emphasizes the supremacy of individual rights and personal freedoms over and against any kind of authority (such as a state, a corporation, social norms imposed through peer pressure, etc . Individualists in this case are thus people who demand  the right to full development for all human facets, their own and that of others; an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to what may be an unjust state. They hold that the surest defense against evil is extreme individualism, originality of thinking, whimsicality, even—eccentricity. That is, something that can't be feigned,faked, or imitated.
 
Anarchism shares with liberalism a radical commitment to individual freedom while rejecting liberalism's competitive property relations. Anarchism declares; "With the abolition of private property we shall have true, beautiful, healthy Individualism. Nobody will waste his life in accumulating things, and the symbols for things. One will live. Art is individualism, and individualism is a disturbing and disintegrating force. There lies its immense value. For what it seeks is to disturb monotony of type, slavery of custom, tyranny of habit, and the reduction of man to the level of a machine.

LIBERALISM.- asserts that "no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions."  Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed."  Liberalism followed earlier forms of liberalism in its commitment to personal freedom and popular government, but contradictorily differed from earlier forms of liberalism in its commitment to free markets and classical economics.

ETHICAL ALTRUISM.-  holds that moral agents have an obligation to help and serve others, but  there are variations on the theme that show the complexity of this point. Some feel  that a moral agent should treat one's self  with no higher regard than one has for others, in opposition to  egoism, which  elevates self-interests and "the self" to a status not granted to others. The other extreme is those who sacrifice their own interests for the sake of  others' interests.  The midway point  is not to  treat the subject's own interests as being more or less important than anyone else's. What is in one's self-interest may be incidentally detrimental, beneficial, or neutral in its effect on others. Individualism allows for others' interest and well-being to be disregarded or not, as long as what is chosen is efficacious in satisfying the self-interest of the agent. Nor does ethical egoism necessarily entail that, in pursuing self-interest, one ought always to do what one wants to do; e.g. in the long term, the fulfilment of short-term desires may prove detrimental to the self.  These are political positions based  on a belief that individuals should not coercively prevent others from exercising freedom of action.
  
FREETHOUGHT.-  holds that individuals should  accept ideas proposed as truth by recourse to knowledge, reason  and analysis. Thus  freethinkers strive to build their opinions on the basis of facts, scientific inquiry, and logical principles, independent of any other ideas involving logical fallacies or intellectually limiting effects of authority, confirmation bias, cognitive bias, conventional wisdom, popular culture, prejudice, sectarianism, tradition, urban legend, and all other dogmas. Regarding religion, freethinkers hold that there is insufficient evidence to scientifically validate the existence of supernatural phenomena.

HUMANISM  is also a perspective common to a wide range of ethical stances that attaches importance to human dignity and capabilities. Although the word has many senses, its meaning comes into focus when contrasted to the supernatural or to appeals to authority. It has been associated with an anti-clericalism and  tends to strongly endorse human rights, including reproductive rights, gender equality, social justice, and the separation of church and state. The term covers organized non-theistic religions, secular humanism, and a humanistic life stance. Humanists identify individualism as an important current of socio-political thought with a  tendency similar to stoicism in which the honest person works his being in the manner of an sculptor who searches the liberation of the forms which are inside a block of marble, to extract the truth of that matter, to cultivate the idea of beauty within oneself, of satisfying one´s passions of feeling and thinking.

MUTUALISM.-  is an anarchist school of thought which  envisions a society where each person might possess a means of production, either individually or as a group, with trade representing equivalent amounts of labor in the free market. Integral to this idea is the establishment of a mutual-credit bank which lends to producers at a minimal interest rate only high enough to cover the costs of administration. Mutualism is based on a labor theory of value which holds that when labor or its product is sold, in exchange, it ought to receive goods or services embodying the amount of labor necessary to produce an article of exactly similar and equal utility. Receiving anything less would be considered exploitation, theft of labor, or usury. Inherent in this thinking is a disrespect for "ghosts" such as private property and markets. Unlike the rest of the socialist movement, the individualist anarchists believed that the natural wage of labor in a free market was its product, and that economic exploitation could only take place when capitalists and landlords harnessed the power of the state in their interests. Thus, individualist anarchism was an alternative both to the increasing statism of the mainstream socialist movement, and to a classical liberal movement that was moving toward a mere apologetic for the power of big business.

LEFT LIBERTARIANSIM.-OWNERSHIP.- names several related but distinct approaches to politics, society, culture, and political and social theory, which stress both individual freedom and social justice. Unlike right-libertarians, they believe that neither claiming nor mixing one's labor with natural resources is enough to generate full private property rights, and maintain that natural resources (land, oil, gold, trees) ought to be held in some egalitarian manner, either unowned or owned collectively. Those left-libertarians who support private property do so under the condition that recompense is offered to the local community. First, on social—rather than economic—issues, libertarianism tends to be 'left-wing'. It opposes laws that restrict consensual and private sexual relationships between adults (e.g., gay, non-marital, and deviant), laws that restrict drug use, laws that impose religious views or practices on individuals, and compulsory military service. Second, in addition to  right-libertarianism—there is  a version known as left-libertarianism. Both endorse full self-ownership, but they differ with respect to the powers agents have to appropriate unappropriated natural resources (land, air, water, etc.).
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3.- COLLECTIVISM- POSITIVES- Collectivism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the significance of groups—their identities, goals, rights, outcomes, etc. Collectivism is the reverse of individualism and in some cases stresses the priority of group goals over individual goals and the importance of cohesion within social groups.  Collectivists usually focus on community, society, or nation. It has been used as an element throughout history and all human societies in practice contain elements of both individualism and collectivism. Collectivism is a basic element of human culture that exists independently of any one political system and has existed since the founding of human society ten thousand years ago,  an inherent feature of human nature

HORIZONTAL.-Horizontal collectivism stresses collective decision-making among relatively equal individuals, and is thus usually based on decentralization, depending on the historical context in which  it occurs.  The "I"  can only be thought in relationship to "we", which is a collective individual where a plurality of I 's acknowledge each other's existence.  As an example of a collectivism before then, the societies that existed along the eastern seaboard of what is now the United States before the Revolution were both individualist and collectivist. Collectivism has been used to refer to a diverse range of political and economic positions, including nationalism, direct democracy, representative democracy. Collectivism does not need a government or political system to exist. An example of that would be a religious organization not backed by government that stresses "group goals".  Collectivism  can also exist within a political system. Collectivism is best exemplified by  "horizontal collectivism", wherein equality is emphasized and people engage in sharing and cooperation,  and therefore expresses group orientation within a society. Horizontal collectivists  favor democratic decision-making, stressing common goals, interdependence and sociability.

VERTICAL.- Vertical collectivism stresses the integrity of the in-group (e.g. the family or the nation, for example), expects individuals to sacrifice themselves for the group if necessary, and promotes competition between different groups. Collectivism is often portrayed as the polar opposite of individualism, which is usually characterized as the economic, political, social or cultural autonomy of the individual within society; but given the different interpretations of individualism, from egocentric perspectives to more integrative ones, this apparent opposition is not necessarily true. For example, worker cooperatives operate on a collective basis but require the direct input of each individual member. While the ideas of holism posit that a sum is greater than its parts, this does not necessarily imply that a collectivity is greater or more powerful than the individuals that make it up, but instead that the collective energies of all individuals involved produce something that goes beyond each person. Collectivism remains with the understanding that any collective organization is fundamentally composed of individuals. Depending on how conscious a collectivity is of this reality determines how genuinely it maintains respect for individuality.   An example of collectivism in more modern times are the police and fire departments. Military ranks in any military system in the world are also an example of collectivism.  All individuals  are expected to pay taxes to these organizations and their will has been overridden in making them do so under law, thus they are collectivist institutions, albeit repressive ones. A different example of a collectivist political system is representative democracy, as in such systems, after voting occurs and a leader has been chosen by the population everyone is expected to accept that individual as their leader regardless of whether they voted for them or not. In collectivist societies, the group is considered more important than any one individual and groups in such societies are expected to take care of their members and individuals are expected to take care of the group. It may be considered inappropriate for a member of a group to openly criticize another in public, though they are  allowed to do so in private.

HAPPIER.- Collectivism has its advantages as compared to individualist societies, since people in collectivist societies  always have access to a group that can assume the responsibility for solving problems and  their members are known to be considered happier, less lonely, and have lower rates of mental stress.  It is sometimes argued that true individualism can only exist when individuals are free from coercive social structures to pursue their own interests, which can only be accomplished by common ownership of socialized, productive assets and free access to the means of life so that no individual has coercive power over other individuals. In response to criticism made by various pro-capitalist groups that claim that public ownership or common ownership of the means of production is a form of collectivism, it is argued  that common ownership over productive assets does not infringe upon the individual, but is instead a liberating force that transcends the false dichotomy of individualism and collectivism.  Socialists maintain that these critiques bring together in harmony the concept of private property in the means of production with personal possessions and individual production.

4.- SUPPLY SIDE - POSITIVE- The theory is that greater tax cuts for investors and entrepreneurs provide incentives to save and invest, and produce economic benefits that trickle down into the overall economy. Producers and their willingness to create goods and services set the pace of economic growth.  An increase in production of goods and services will increase output and lower prices.  When companies temporarily over-produce, excess inventory will be created, prices will subsequently fall and consumers will increase their purchases to offset the excess supply.  Lower tax rates will induce workers to prefer work over leisure . In regard to lower taxes on profits, they believe that lower rates induce investors to deploy capital productively. Lower rates would be more than offset by a higher tax revenue base - due to greater employment and productivity. The Federal Reserve is able  to increase or decrease the quantity of dollars in circulation (i.e. where more dollars mean more purchases by consumers, thus creating cash flow. By printing money the Fed create either too much inflationary cash  or not sufficient to grease the wheels of commerce. Supply siders advocate rather  a policy of gentle inflation tied to economic growth - for example, 3-4% growth in the money supply per year. This principle is the key to understanding why they often advocate a return to the gold standard.  Supply-siders argue that if the U.S. were to peg the dollar to gold, the currency would be more stable,  providing  investors with a "leading indicator" or signal for the dollar's direction and allow the capitalist to curb inflation based on the data.
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5.- DEMAND SIDE- POSITIVES-   When the great Depression appeared as a result of failed supply side economics,  Western leaders were desperately searching for solutions to revitalize and stabilize the financial systems of their countries. Demand side found that the demand for goods is  more important than having a great supply. People's income level  determines how much they put into savings and investments. The government should actively involve itself, creating the demand for goods when there is high unemployment, and creating the means to purchase those goods. The costs of producing goods sets the price, and demand creates its own supply, because demand is the primary force determining whether or not goods are produced. A government must step in to curb the downward trend and stimulate investment directly,  in order to build a needed infrastructure. It is one of government's roles to provide a guiding influence on the propensity to consume,  encouraging it to return back towards sufficient growth.   It is  the decentralized  ownership of the instruments of production which it is important for the state to assume.  The State should function as a catalyst to repair the economy, and then as in the case of socialism, take it a step further.

FALSE ASSUMPTIONS.- The economy is not like a moving see-saw which will always right itself.  Rather, it is like an elevator which could be rising, lowering, or simply standing still at the bottom of a shaft. Previously, it was held that, caught up in a depression, the people would focus on saving their income, thereby driving interest rates down.  With lower interest rates, businesses would be encouraged to once again invest in economic growth.  But this reasoning was built upon the assumption that there would be a flood of savings available.  This assumption has been shown to be  false.

SOCIALISM.- Socialism is varied in its interpretations, and there are those who critically view  socialism as state ownership or command of the means of production within a more general criticism of the state form itself, as well as of wage labour relationships at the workplace. Instead there is a type of socialism that horizontally emphasizes workers' self-management of the workplace and decentralized structures of political government, asserting that a society based on freedom and equality can be achieved through abolishing authoritarian institutions that control certain means of production and which subordinate the majority to an owning class or political and economic elite. This variation of socialism supports a  decentralized means of direct democracy and federal or confederal associations such as libertarian municipality, citizens' assemblies, trade unions, and workers' councils. All of this is generally done within a general call for voluntary human relationships through the identification, criticism, and practical dismantling of illegitimate authority in all aspects of life.

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6.- SYNTHESIS- .   It has been established in this paper that individualism has both positive and negative aspects. The negative aspects are preponderant, as shown by the individualists' selfishness and egocentricity, their  lack of remorse or guilt, and their shallowness. Further, they tend to be emotionally empty, feeling lonely while relying on superficial charm. They show an incapacity to love, and are aggressive. They advocate "freedom" based on self-reliance and self-interest. These internal attitudes are carried over into political economy and all manner of anti-social  and cultural functioning. Individualists are existential and objectivist,  but don't realize that freedom is not free, and that things turn into their opposites. The positive sides to individualism  are important, although not a primary part of the ascendant forces. Self-realization lights the creative spark that affirms our humanity. Individualists will fight a totalitarian state as anarchists, liberals, altruists, and freethinkers, humanists, mutualists, and libertarians.

Supply side economics is run by those who consider themselves individualists, ignoring the fact of their dependency on the economic population in order to function. Supply side results in crises of overproduction where people cannot buy goods and services because financial bubbles have burst resulting in massive unemployment and unrest. Those who advocate for supply side blame the government and high taxes that supposedly prevent them from functioning according to plan. The positive aspects are that an increase in production will result in lower prices- as long as supplies last.

The collective aspects of society are equally divided into positives and negatives, but the positive aspects in the 21st Century are part of the ascendant forces. Within these contradictions the horizontal arrangement of the collective is the most democratic and satisfying, where people engage in sharing and cooperation with common goals, interdependence and sociability. Members of a collectivity have been shown to belong to a safer, happier, liberating force.   It is also suggested that collectivism has to travel along the path of the vertical, where a centralized government controls any attempts at sabotage, to its subsequent flowering into its horizontal aspects, where decentralization can occur as the people themselves make the decisions that affect their lives. The negative aspects of collectivism, much more easily restrained in the age of technology,  is that those at the top of the vertical pyramid can begin to exercise control over those below. Power may accrue to a person or a group that is supposed to embody the collective.
The demand side of the equation has powerful positives to back it up. Government involvement in the economy, massive employment and subsidies obviously result in greater wealth per capita and the ability to buy goods and services with the resulting dynamic push in the economy. Worker's self management in the workplace and decentralized structures in politics will bring about freedom and equality for everyone. The only negative is the danger of a "totalitarian state" but this can be overcome if the base is democratically organized and has the determinant and conscious voice in public affairs.


Monday, July 20, 2015

NOTES ON LET'S MAKE MONEY

Probably the best measure of globalization  (in other words, imperialism) is in the documentary "Let's Make Money". I have taken notes so the reader can think about the issues at length.

LET'S MAKE MONEY!
Most of us do not know where our money is
there is only  thing we can be sure of our money is not in the bank for safekeeping or to grow the bank. It is  fed  into the global market.
We do not know where the debtor lives or what he does to pay interest. We trustingly follow the siren call of the banks;
Let your money work!
"We manage the largest emerging markets in the world -over 50 billion we are just investing-- trying to do well with our investors -- to increase their assets. If they put restrictions (regulations)  on us they are not using us in the right way. "
In Singapore they pay a very low tax, or none at all, because the government wants to attract investors. They want to become a global financial center. Our  employees pay taxes so the government benefits from people who are working here--globalization lowers the total cost of goods and services because they don't pay their employees a living wage --and this keeps inflation under control. We are investing in 3rd world markets and helping pensions in the West because we take the money from here and move it back to there, while 3rd world workers who have created that wealth sleep on crowded floors or overnight at the beach and work in dangerous conditions.
In India you can own property without someone demanding taxes so they can take it away from you.
These are remnants of the colonial era, which help investors. The State doesn't help you here we have to take care of ourselves. The government doesn't  take our business away like in other countries.
One third lives in poverty - others live in misery.
Investors  who manage the investment money live in London.
"The factory is already too small we are going to make it bigger. Competition forces us to pay low wages and make them work longer unpaid hours. We have no choice, since there are no unions. They make 200 euros a month Specialized workers make 2500 a month, all cheaper than in the West.
We have to be efficient we cant afford to be generous. Automation also keeps the costs low".

Indians pay property tax, sales tax, water tax, electricity tax, and revenue tax, all collected by the government. This revenue is given to foreign interests in the form of grants and there is no money for social welfare.
"I don't think an investor should be responsible for the ethics or pollution he causes--- that is not his job. His job is to invest and make money.
Growth is what we are all about. People are poor and things will stay that way"
Economic growth has nothing to do with the poor- it is only for the rich and the government. People imitate Western culture. They fall into debt and cannot save. All their money goes into the pockets of the rich.
"The best time to buy is when there is blood on the streets- during wars, revolution, prices go down, you buy cheap and make a lot of money on speculation."
Mont Pelerin-- in 1947 capitalists met to plan the future of the world. It was a think tank  for Reagan and Thatcher and members of parliament. The city of London is the financial quarter. There are banks from all continents. In 1970s deregulating controls over the banks lent credit and deregulated financial services, allowing banks to move operations offshore as tax dodges. They attracted capital from all over the world and centered it in London, giving   London banks access to cheap capital.
Four key strands:
1.-  DEREGULATE markets around the world, allow  capital to move freely from one country to another
 
 2.-LIBERALIZE trade-break down trade barriers made by developing countries that have protected their own industries

3.- BREAK TAX REVENUES and the ability of states to intervene by breaking tax revenues

4.- PRIVATIZE their industries, selling them at below market value to external investors.

This program came from the IMF and the World bank.
 
If capital grows it means that other peoples debts are increasing. The more money in private hands the more public debt.
The soil in  Burkina Faso in Africa is ruined as a result of monocultivation of cotton by foreign companies. The cotton is gone, the companies are gone and the soil is ruined. The people earn less than 50 euros a year and work non stop. They are deeply in debt, just to live.   The US subsidizes its own cotton to the tune of 3 billion dollars, to make it cheaper and bring prices down. They practice protectionism for them and liberalism for Burkina. In 1980 the World Bank restructured the cotton industry in Burkina. The raw cotton was processed without added market value, sucking raw materials out of the country. Now the World Bank forces Burkina to plant cotton but  import medicines at inflated prices, for which they need foreign currency . If the US didn't subsidize its cotton Burkina would make 80 billion a year.  (122 million euros). Burkina is in debt for 20 billion, but Burkina would not go into debt if it got paid fairly for its exports, and thereby it could construct schools and roads and hospitals, etc. 1 or 2 percent of the people  go to university. Life expectancy is 40 years. All children are born in debt. This creates immigration. There is no alternative.
The expropriation of communities
In Austria 20 years ago capital started to take over government agencies, so that citizens had to pay water, electric rates, etc. to them and not to the government, which made rates more expensive. On top of that they continued to pay taxes. . People ride the train and think its owned by the city but its not- its owned by an American investor. The city got a lot of money for it-- 1 billion , which went to a bank in London, and the people will have to pay far  into the future for the use of the Strassenbahn, in addition to buying fares. 
Berlin. Privatizing comes from the word "to deprive". A company buys public goods and deprives the public of their use, except for a fee set by the corporation, whose only purpose is profit.
Innsbruck sold its public utilities. The corporations are only interested in short term profit but they don't care what happens later, what happens  to the country, to the children, to the future, which has been put in hock so there is no future.
In the name of freedom
Washington DC . People sleep on the streets and park benches. Many are survivors of catastrophes, doctors and lawyers who wind up homeless. Many are retired people who cannot afford rent and are forced to live in shelters which are in turn sustained by donations. This all in sight of the White House and  the World Bank offices. the World Bank is controlled by the US.
Economic hit men work like the mafia. The US government identifies a country that has resources it wants, then we give them a huge loan, that means we own them. The money never really goes to that country, but instead it goes to our own corporate banks to build big infrastructure projects in that country. In other words the host country pays for the US corporation to build factories and roads to be able to take out their resources for them and send the money back to the corporate bank. The deal benefits a few rich people in the host country but doesn't help the majority who are left holding a huge debt, and cant afford health or education. So the US says, "since you cant pay the debt, sell your oil cheap, or vote with us in the UN, or support our military adventures." This is how the US has become a world empire. We control the World Bank and the IMF. We even control the UN. We write the laws. These things should be illegal but they are not. Empire enforces its currency on the rest of the world. The US had a great debt because of the Viet Nam war, so we went on the oil standard insisting that Saudis sell oil only in dollars. Now once again the US is bankrupt, and if another country were to call in the debt  in dollars the US would collapse.
Saddam Hussein threatened to sell oil for other than dollars and he was assassinated for it.
If we fail to corrupt leaders in other countries the next step is to  overthrow governments and assassinate their leaders. If this fails we send in the really big guns--the  military. In Iraq we destroyed his military in 1991 but Hussein  wouldn't give in. His security forces were good, so the army was sent in again to kill him.
Rising profits sinking wages
Millions of workers are made to work for less. thanks to globalization. (imperialism). It is the massive transfer of incomes from workers to capital. A new industry has been  born out of the huge piles of money that have been collected from the working class worldwide- It has nothing to do with goods and services, but with  investment-- financial services, investment banking, private equity funds, hedge funds. This new industry  earns piles of money, not by staking its own money, but foreign money. For each dollar they get a commission.  Private equity means we gather the investors capital, invest it in enterprises which we restructure and then  sell at a profit.
"We buy low equity firms which are in debt. The risk is that they cannot invest,  cannot pay off what they owe and are in debt for decades, so we invest for them. If they cannot pay off their debts the bank must bail them out with taxpayers money.  Private equity firms gather like locusts to pick off the carcass of the company. The low equity firm gets a commission the riskier the investment the greater the profit, all at taxpayers expense. "
Profits for a few, losses for everyone else.
En la Costa del Sol. Andalucia, Carboneras. They are building a hotel by the sea for tourists, a chain of 7 hotels to be built in the area, including a golf course. 1,500 luxury houses, 4,000 of which are investment property  so the banks can get 20% annual earnings as opposed to 5% from the public banks. They are not built for tourists nor to live in them, but as a chain of investments for profit. Thousand of empty flats which profit  people we don't know and who don't live here. The attempt is to build a brand new city from nothing. Building is highly computerized and designed. No one lives there --there is no traffic. Foreign banks have invested in this massive construction. The rents are too high for ordinary Spaniards, although the government has to pay upkeep, electricity, etc out of peoples taxes.
The real estate market bubble is strongest in Spain. Eight hundred golf courses in a country where only a few people play golf. It is financed by foreign investment; the housing prices go up by being next to a golf course. Its all artificial- a green zone in the desert with huge amounts of water being wasted. The 7 construction companies include investors of soccer teams. 80 % of the natural coast of Spain has been built on.
The Algarrobico hotel is to be demolished because it was built illegally. The building company will get 100 million euros in compensation, paid out of taxpayers money and the cost of demolition will also come out of public money.
The complex has been built by immigrant labor. The consequences of the building bubble -- 3 million vacant houses, 800 golf courses consuming the water which could be used by  16 million people instead. The Spanish central bank has sold a large part of its gold and the debt amounts to 106% of its GNP. There is a rapid rise in unemployment.
The government pays the debts of the speculators (who terminally oppose regulation), so when they crash and they are bailed out by the taxpayers so the speculators can go on with the same activities as before.
"We don't need regulation because the market regulates everything automatically, everything has become liberalized."
This financial industry is anti human and anti nature. The media select the political leaders who try to suck up to the media so they get a flattering image but these so-called politicians  are less and less knowledgeable about political economy. Its the exact opposite of the qualities needed, so every year we have more and more political dummies making crucial and dangerous decisions. They are there solely to please the capitalists behind the scenes. They are compliant puppets.

How much longer can we afford the rich?
Jersey island, an  offshore tax haven. Bank after bank profit from their "services". There is a huge growth in financial services, with a  host of economic advisors to the government. Investors in Jersey have  50 billion dollars of personal wealth on the island. This money exists  only on computers. The money comes in and goes to the financial centers of Europe, Latinamerica, Africa, Asia, who move their ownership on offshore trusts where the person who benefits does not disclose his identity or the amount of money held. They hide their money so it cant be taxed. There are several  different jurisdictions to maximize  secrecy, to prevent investigation.  No one knows who owns a particular company. The vast majority of global trade passes through tax havens, but on paper only. They shift capital from where it is being produced to the personal accounts of Europe etc. It is utmost importance to them to protect an identity. Tax avoidance is not considered serious enough to prosecute. The citizens and foreigners must be protected. Capital flees the country under the table and never returns .
People who work in finance hate their jobs.  They know its stupid and  without worth. They know they  don't create value, but the pay is fabulous. Capital becomes concentrated in the hands of a very small elite. 11.5 trillion dollars lie offshore and untaxed. The taxes alone would eradicate poverty in the world. That is why poverty exists. As long as there is no equal distribution or resources there will be wars between those considered to be people with monetary value and those considered to be without it.
"Und die einen stehen  im dunkeln, und die anderen stehen im licht, und man sieht nur die im licht stehen und die im dunkeln sieht man nicht."

Wednesday, May 14, 2014

THE ECONOMY OF EQUIVALENCIES

An hour's work is an hour's work anywhere in the world. If a janitor in Africa and a scientist in the US work an hour, they have spent physical and nervous energy in like manner. With modern supercomputers we can calculate how long it takes, say, to deliver a quart of milk from cow to table. Instead of working for money, workers receive plastic time cards which attest to how many hours they have worked. If the quart of milk costs 10 minutes, this amount is deducted from your card. If you work for a month, and it takes a month to build the house you want to buy, you have that amount of time deducted from your card. You cannot borrow or lend time. There is no interest in time equivalencies, because time belongs to everyone and no one. You cannot "save" time in the sense that you can save money, and the amount is the same for everybody in the world, thereby erradicating poverty and exploitation.

The unstable, undemocratic rapacious market economy will be substituted by a democratically planned economy. These problems can only be overcome by going to a higher level than the traditional one, by combining the theory of value with the principle of equivalencies. In this case, salary will be equivalent to the amount of time invested in the work, independently of age, sex, civil government, skin color, nationality, type of work, physical effort, time spent in school, energy use, capacity, professional experience, enthusiasm for the job. In this scenario, price equals value and does not include anything that is not the equivalency of time-work spent in the production of goods and services. In a money economy, price can outstrip value many times, as evidenced by medicines that cost $100 for each pill, (price) while they cost 5 cents each to produce (value). The ECONOMY OF EQUIVALENCIES puts and end to exploitation, that is, the appropriation of the work of others, where the work of one is valued higher than that of another. Each human being is fully paid for the complete value (amount of time spent) that he/she has brought to the goods and services.

PRICE  under capitalism  is the expression in money terms of the value of goods and services.  Prices can rise or fall through the change in value. Price does not have to coincide with value, but depends on supply and demand. The sum total of the price of goods is equal to the sum total of the value of goods. Price  is another instrument  to exploit workers and underdeveloped countries with, through competition and the desire for higher profits. Capital goods are made up of variable capital, price and profit (surplus value), which comprise relations of exploitation.This expresses production relations between members of a class society. Societies based on capitalist wealth (profit) share three components; state property, social property and private property.

VALUE  represents the measurable  investment of socially necessary work materialized in the time spent on making a product. Use value is created by concrete work. It is equivalent to all other values. All are the result of measurable abstract labor, that is, brain, nervous and muscular energy, and the time spent in production. Abstract work results in the value of goods. When price and value are the same, this guarantees a just and equal distribution of the national (or international) wealth.

Sunday, April 04, 2010

BREAKING THE SILENCE

BREAKING THE SILENCE

A Novel of the Twentieth Century

___________________________________________

"Despierto cada cien años, cuando despierta el Pueblo."


Canto para Bolívar, by Pablo Neruda.







DON RUFINO —



Don Rufino sat in his study. The late Sonora sunlight came through the windows attenuated by the heavy velvet curtains and the deep---set 3---foot adobe walls. The peones had come back from the fields and their women were stoking fires for dinner. Their chattering and laughter at the hacienda they had named Cantaranas, made a reassuring sound. Occasionally a whiff of pozole would fill his nostrils. Someone, surely Margarito, was playing "Adiós Mamá Carlota". Don Rufino stared at the headlines in El Imparcial, thunderstruck. Queen Victoria had died.



"Passed away at Osborne House at 6:30 o'clock this evening. England is silent with grief . ." he read avidly. "Shortly after 9 o'clock, the doctors sent a summons to all members of the family and also to the rector of the royal chapel . . The body was embalmed and will probably be taken to Windsor Saturday. Queen Victoria is dead. Edward VII reigns."



He had always liked a story he had heard about her. Her son Eduardo, as a child had refused to salute his subjects on the street during a procession, and was scolded by his mother. "I don't have to salute them, they are my subjects," retorted Eduardo haughtily. "Yes you do, I am your mother," answered Victoria, and spanked him. He had told the story at table with great relish. El General Torres had told it to him over cigars. Don Porfirio had always spoken highly of Victoria, fancying himself magically related, had called her a symbol of purity and greatness in leadership. El General Torres had been at a reception at the Casino Español and knew what he was talking about.



Rufino looked further in the paper. Something about "rubber atrocities" in the Congo. His eye caught an article declaring that a certain Canuto Neri had risen against the Porfirio government, and had wound up in the Cárcel of Belén.



"This will bring nothing good," muttered Rufino darkly to himself. Porfirio had already elected himself five times, and any one who protested was swiftly dealt with. It was an open secret that dissenters were arrested, were found dead in jail at daybreak, "suicides," or spirited off to Oaxaca to work on Porfirio's plantation until they died of exhaustion.



Don Porfirio always tried to put on the best face on things. In Profirio's world there were no class antagonisms. Mexico lived in harmony. Any criticism that disrupted this vision was evil and must be stomped out at once. His hatred for the Círculos Liberales and magonista groups that sprang up around the country knew no bounds. These rude malcontents were continually pointing out the latifundios, the fallow lands, the exploitation and poverty. The profiristas felt that if people were poor it was their own fault. They were a drag on the glory that Mexico could be if only they would just go away.



"He's the prince of peace," Ramón Corral had told Rufino once at the Gentlemen's Club, with his typical fondness for hyperbole. Don Rufino stared at him in disbelief.



Sonora landowning and commercial families had consolidated their power primarily through marriage. His own grandmother on his father's side had married the influential Monteverde family, which gave them entrée into the political life of the state. The network of intermarried families had served to push out the old Spanish colonial rule dominated by the church and solidified their hold over the new commercial opportunities that were springing up. Little by little, fallow lands that had belonged to the Church were taken over for the interests of the new rich, pushing the indigenous towns farther and farther into the hills. To make their takeover complete, they also began to control traditional church functions, such as the civil register. Laws were passed that broke up communal lands into individual parcelas, making it easier to buy them off when the natives could no longer feed their families.



After the wars with the Apaches, in the eternal struggle between pastoral activities and farming, Rufino's own cattle had encroached onto Ópata lands, although he had worked out a deal with the elders of donating a number of cattle to be slaughtered for the Semana Santa festival. As an honored guest, Don Rufino was expected to open the qoquimari foot races, and stay for the dances of the Matachines. Years ago, the cacique of Masocahui had entrusted Margarito, an orphan, to his care, and Margarito from the age of seven called Cantaranas home. In this way, many Ópatas found work on the haciendas, and their quality of life slowly changed from a free semi---nomadic life to a life of peonage. The recent increase in population in Arizona and California opened up a market for beef, and once a year there would be an auction where DonRufino would sell off part of his stock, to be driven north to the slaughterhouses in Nogales.



Rufino took off his pince---nez and stared at the pirules outside his window. Some of his own associates at the Gentlemen's Club had signed legal papers maneuvering to take the Yaqui lands. Afterwards they had called the troops to murder the Indians, who were now "illegal". Many of them had been deported to Yucatán, Oaxaca and even Guatemala. He was fortunate that his lands had been in his family for three hundred years, and were uncontested. When he looked in the mirror, he could see his nose, the color of his skin, the Yaqui blood from a half---forgotten great grandmother. His brother Demetrio, who had failed as a silver prospector, had gathered his meager earnings and gone to Los Angeles. He should write to him. All he knew about Los Angeles was that many foreigners were coming in and Spanish had ceased to be the majority language.



There was a lot of scurrying about in the next room. The family doctor, Dr. Castro, was out of town and had sent a substitute. The comadre had come in that morning, and remained tight---lipped. The door to Eduwiges's room opened and closed through the morning, but he could see nothing. All he could hear were muffled sounds. He jiggled as he tried to concentrate on his newspaper. He heard Eduwiges scream. A rough, low register scream, and his heart sank with fear. It was so mysterious. She had bore him two boys and a girl, but he could not get used to the laying---in. Anything could happen. The unthinkable could happen. He would be lost without her.



Eduwiges lay back on her fresh pillow, exhausted but with a pleasant feeling well being. All day the comadre had pushed on her belly with her fingers, trying to massage the baby out with special oils taken from the desert. Chona had scurried about muttering to herself, ever mindful of the dangers a birth could bring. A heavy rope had been tied to the four poster bed, so that Eduwiges could pull on it as she drew her legs up, until finally, once her head was out, María Raquel slid out easily onto the waiting linen and drew her first breath. Now she was washed and asleep. Eduwgies contemplated her daughter, her youngest and her last. She would turn forty that spring, and she knew that Rufino would simply have to be satisfied with the four she had given him. "María Raquel" she whispered softly to herself. Outside Margarito and Laurita, unbeknownst to her, had buried the umbilical cord were sweeping the dirt clean around the main house to determine Raquel's guardian, who would leave his footprint.



The only thing Eduwiges had to worry about now was plenty of rest, for childbirth was so depleting she would have to keep the quarantine, which meant no cooking and no tending to things for forty days and nights. From past experience, Eduwiges relished the leisure, although her restless spirit pushed her to order people about, and she never was able to get all the way through the rest period. Before long she would be telling Margarito to saddle the horses and would drive into town. Even though the Durán family attended church infrequently, it would not do for any member to remain unbaptized, and so to satisfy the Hermosillo gentry, Raquel would have to make her appearance in the same Chantilly lace and silk dress that María Elena had used. Eduwiges privately fretted over the expense, and the party inviting all the relatives, even the most distant, that would follow. Well, it would have to wait the forty days anyway. There was plenty of time. Chona appeared and took the baby away to her waiting cradle, and Eduwiges slipped into a deep sleep, happy that it was over at last.

Monday, December 22, 2008

HOW RIGHTWING CAPITALISTS IN THE US THINK

HOW RIGHTWING CAPITALISTS IN THE US THINK
SUPERSTRUCTURE. Leftwing thinking recognizes the economic structure of society, the actual basis which supports the judicial, religious, cultural and political edifice, as that which determines the level of social consciousness. The wealthy right wing have received not just wealth but the infrastructure that has allowed them to amass their wealth: banks, the Federal Reserve, the stock market, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the legal system, federally-sponsored research, patents, tax supports, the military protection of foreign investments, and more. American taxpayers’ support of wealth accumulation. Because the right is busy trying to cover up its original sin- that of making money at the expense of all comers, if possible, it is difficult to pinpoint exactly what they are talking about, and the consciousness of the population is confused. It is important for people to understand that when there is talk about morality, religion, politics, what they are really talking about, whether they realize it or not, is economics. The roots of American puritanism lie in the Protestant Reformation in Europe. The traditional Roman Catholic prohibition of any lending of money at interest as "usury," the monastic glorification of poverty as an ascetic ideal, and the Roman Catholic system of holidays as times when no work was to be done were all seen by the rising merchant class (whose heirs are the American upper middle class) as obstacles to financial development. True to form, rather than object to the real economic reasons for their revolt, they took what they considered the moral high ground, railing against "venal priests" and general licentiousness that was permitted by a forgiving church.
FREE WILL. The justification for their objections is closely tied to the idea of free will. Whereas the Catholics could sin and be forgiven, the Protestants, even if they were to be forgiven, must be punished anyhow because they have "made a choice". This is why we find politicians and others who have strayed welcomed back into the fold, but are also fired from their jobs. A number of Southern Baptist ministers believed Clinton should be forgiven, if he repented, but that he also should resign because he was no longer fit to hold office. All taint must be wiped clean for the sake of capitalism’s good reputation. If there is free will, you have a choice, and they made their choice, now they must pay for it. The idea of "choice" is a recurring theme among capitalists. It is seen as a blessing for those with tenacity, work ethic and determination. That is how one wins (gets rich). If you choose unwisely, poverty is the probable, and well deserved, option. This idea is closely tied to that of the "freeloader" who is too lazy to choose, and in turn this gives rise to the idea of a superior people (those who choose wisely) and an inferior people (those who choose unwisely, those who would rather have a good time than work hard for their rewards). The right bristles at charges of racism; they would welcome people of color who follow the puritannical agenda, but those with a different tradition, who are a vast majority, are seen as taking away the hard-earned good life of the right.
POSITIVISM. To butress their rather shaky ideology, the right plunges headlong into positive thinking. It is considered impolite to criticize, and even to tell the truth. To an American rightwinger, greatness is guaranteed if negativity is kept at bay. To tend, unflinchingly toward a goal, no matter what the reality is, is the secret of success. Capitalism has its belief system, and to contradict it in any way lands you in the enemy camp. Thus attitude and positive thinking are paramount. The wrong word and the market could fall. The right word, even if it is a lie, and the market could go up. A smart Republican never advocates 'drilling for oil'; he prefers 'exploring for energy.' He should never criticize the 'government,' which cleans our streets and pays our firemen; he should attack 'Washington,' with its ceaseless thirst for taxes and regulations. They refrain from using the word "outsourcing," because they will then be asked to defend or end the practice of allowing companies to ship American jobs overseas. The concept of framing links with that of agenda-setting: by consistently invoking a particular frame, the framing party may effectively control discussion and perception of the issue. The problem, of course, that the real world can interfere and throw a monkey wrench in the works. For idealism, as opposed to realism, to work everyone in the world would have to subscribe to it, and millions do not. The right sets about trying to get the world to adopt its world view, (to Christianize, as well as capitalize the world) and those who refuse are branded as the enemy. "They are hurting their own cause". Ultimately, positivism is an ideological strategy that tries to show the inferiority of marginalized groups (those who are not puritans, those who complain, dissent, or otherwise tell the truth) in order to justify their further exploitation. Positivists are not interested in the common good; they focus on the individual, (they are proudly mavericks) and not on class interest, which they see as slavery. The right is so adept at twisting what is obviously to their detriment into a bizarre plus for them, that Bill Kristol was able, with a straight face, say that "Obama won the election because Bush was protecting the country since 9/11 and we were winning in Iraq so the question of national security receded into the background, and voters were able to vote their unhappiness with the stock market crash. Without the surge we would have come out in defeat. No good deed goes unpunished." Since the capitalist right is unable to address criticism rationally, because it really does create poverty and wreaks havoc wherever it takes hold, it refuses to accept criticism, once again changing the subject ad hominem, accusing its critics of engaging in "class warfare", in not being patriotic (patriotism is equated with capitalism) and of the most grievious sin of all, not being positive and optimistic. They are terrified of exploring an issue to its ultimate consequences, and insist of working exclusively within their own established, safe parameters. Language takes on a particular importance, since "speaking truth to power" is considered rude and clownish. Only accepted words may be used, all others bring down opprobrium on the critic’s head. By bringing up irrelevancies and ignoring unpleasant truths, the capitalist right hopes to take the heat off its own destructive policies. Here we can see the reason why they rail against "eggheads" scientists and intellectuals who might discover the real functions behind the smokescreen of capitalism, and they hope to gather about them those who they condescendingly regard as "the common people", people who they have carefully nurtured in ignorance through a privatized, quasi religious educational system.
HANDOUTS. The right winger has been taught to work hard, and anyone who gets something for nothing is a deadbeat. He is incensed over "hand outs", which contradicts his sense of the work ethic. When the feds start to give you handouts that means that everyone else who works hard is supporting them. I don’t want to work so some drunk can get benefits and live off my taxes. Those who demand entitlements are whiny slackers. "We conservatives don't like programs that give entitlements with no reqirements on behalf of the recipient. We don't like paying for other peoples' lifestyles after we've indivually worked so hard to be able to afford our own lifestyles. While we're a people that value giving the needy a hand up, we would rather not give a hand-out. " (Sarah Palin). Curtail benefits for welfare mothers who have children out of wedlock. Budget tightening, however, only applies to government programs designed for people in need. After "we've indivually worked so hard to be able to afford our own lifestyles," the right feels justified in using worker’s taxes to pay for any and all private enterprise programs, from waging war for the benefit of war profiteers, to building an infrastructure for the benefit of corporations so they can pocket the profits, what has been called "welfare for the rich". The problem is not the "handouts", but who gets them. Government borrowing is supposed to "crowd out" private investment.
CHARITY. The right wing’s answer to social problems is charity. Rather than invest in social services, captalists recurr to their favorite ploy; that of voluntarily addressing social problems, as long as "the government" is not involved. Thus they urge the population to " Enlist in our Armed Forces. Become a teacher. Enter the ministry. Run for public office. Feed a hungry child. Teach an illiterate adult to read. Comfort the afflicted. Defend the rights of the oppressed." As long as the taxes of the working population are used to buttress privatized capitalist enterprise, and not to solve social problems, the "good people" of capitalism will advocate working with the poor, preferrably through profitable churches, and inspiring them to better themselves, to be celibate and work hard for almost no pay. Institutions must be privatized and as soon as they are no longer profitable, they must be abandoned
LIBERALS. The right sees "liberals" as people who refuse to subscribe to their ideas of rugged individualism, and who advocate the dreaded collectivism. They immediately set about trying to demonize them. Since Jews have been in the forefront of the peace movement and other progressive movements, there is a heavy dose of anti-Semitism. The Jews, runs the narrative, tell the Blacks what to do, and they are trying to take over the country. (These ideas are seemingly confirmed with an Obama presidency and staffers such as Rohm Emmanuel. That Obama is the president means little, since the right is convinced he is a figurehead, and the Jews are secretly running things). At the same time liberals are wimps and shiftless. The right mocks them with "boo hoo-grow up!" They wont’t fight in a war, and they advocate surrender. But liberals are not a majority, the rightwing is. They try to usurp what is rightfully the rightwing’s –ownership of plain, ordinary (white and protestant) working Americans. They do their best to create a master narratives that makes Democrats, liberals, and "the media" into the cultural enemies of ordinary working people. When liberals get their way, these same wimps become a dangerous menace.
ELITISM. In this strategy, every little Democratic misstep is inflated into a cultural parable, while gaping holes in the Republican story are neatly sidestepped. The master narrative of Obama as an unqualified elitist is reinforced again and again, as it was with Palin lines like these: "I guess a small-town mayor is sort of like a 'community organizer,' except that you have actual responsibilities." "I might add that in small towns, we don't quite know what to make of a candidate who lavishes praise on working people when they are listening, and then talks about how bitterly they cling to their religion and guns when those people aren't listening. We prefer candidates who don't talk about us one way in Scranton and another way in San Francisco. Liberals are two-faced, pretend to be your friend while engaging in machinations behid your back. The right are straight-talkers.
MACHISMO. In contrast, the right offers a sanguine picture of individualistic macho men. When one looks at the actual men in office and the actual CEO’s one sees a bevy of fat, old, cranky men and women who have little in common with the glamorous idea of Hollywood action heroes. A macho could coceivably have some nobility, but the enemies of "liberal wimps" are so lacking in real courage that all we see is hostile, prejudiced, racist, nationalist (the nation is more important than humanity) destructive, backward looking, ignorant, arrogant, death-before-dishonor jingoist bullies. "It is irrelevant whether Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction or not, they feel, "we" took the fight to him. Stop apologizing for America. We are the good guys and they are the bad guys." Kenneth W. Starr was uncompromising, disciplined and straight back-boned. Tommy Franks won 3 medals of valor and was made a four-star general of American and coalition troops in Afghanistan and Iraq and won the order of the British Empire. Ignoring the US role in first attacking those countries, at a Republican convention he brought up old wounds. " To prevent 9/11 we should have dealt with 1979 Teheran, 1983 Beirut, 1991 incomplete mission in Iraq, 1993 with our wonderful Rangers dead in Mogadishu, Somalia, 1996 the World Trade Center 1996, 1998 the embassies in East Africa, 2000 the USS Cole." John McCain waxed rhapsodic; "We believe in a strong defence, work, faith, service, a culture of life, personal responsibility, the rule of law. We believe in the values of families, neighbourhoods and communities. I liked to strut a little after I'd been roughed up to show the other guys I was tough enough to take it. I learned that no man can always stand alone. I got back up and fought again for our country and for the men I had the honour to serve with. Fight for what's right for our country, for the ideals and character of a free people. for our children's future, for justice and opportunity for all. Defend our country from its enemies. We're Americans, and we never give up. We never quit." "Obama, complained Sarah Palin, is a man who can give an entire speech about the wars America is fighting, and never use the word "victory."
BORROWING. All wealth originates with production. At some point this trueism has seen the gradual merging of banking and industrial monopolies, leading to an imperialist economy. The availability of interest across nations allows for loans that produce "magic money" that appears out of nowhere, and is manifested merely as numbers on a computer, not tied to production. Extending long range credit allows the banks to control the economies of other countries, and additionaly their politics. The rationale is that borrowed funds (unlike the expenditure of tax revenues, which do come from the working population) will generate added disposable income, enhance the demand for the products of private industry, and make private investment more profitable, creating more jobs. The problem is that when something goes wrong the money is not really there, and the whole house of cards comes tumbling down. In a panic, when the capitalist has mopped up all the profits but cannot meet his responsibilities, he promises to reform the financial and regulatory systems, but because he is inextricably tied to free market principles, which according to him, offer the surest path to lasting prosperity, he is unable to do anything but repeat the same process over again and again. "The crisis was not a failure of the free market system. And the answer is not to try to reinvent that system. It is to fix the problems we face, make the reforms we need, and move forward with the free market principles that have delivered prosperity and hope to people all across the globe." (George Bush). On the contrary, this anarchy of production results in the contradiction between the social character of production and the private confiscation of production, and thus makes the recurring crises inevitable
OFF SUBJECT. One of the reactions of the right to criticism is to throw up a smoke screen and change the subject. If Obama attacks the costly and murderous war in Iraq, or the economic crash of Wall Street, they will immediately come back with the argument that he has support because he is a slick talker, and not because people have died or are jobless, and he has promised to do something about it. Obama is wrong in being against the war or supporting social programs- he is just smooth and shallow. Michelle is an angry black woman. If the left addresses racism, they argue that Blacks have it better here than in Africa, and they pretend to be victims because they want a free ride. Their answer to criticism is "get a job". Someone running for office on economic grounds has his/her patriotism questioned. Little is said by the right on the consequences of their agenda, the stock market crash, mismanagement by the fed, the devaluation of the dollar, the national debt, the high price of gasoline, the impossible college tuitions, the crumbling high schools, the thousands who die from lack of health care, the subprime loans and bankruptcies, dismantling social security, the media as a propaganda machine, the homeless, the high unemployment rate, reduced salaries and benefits, the 2 million in US prisons, torture, withdrawing from the war in the middle east, plans to invade new countries, the squandering of resources by the war profiteering pentagon, increasing taxes on the rich to pay for social services, or tax-payer-subsidized bail outs. If they deal with any of these at all, it is obliquely, changing the subject so that capitalism is never understood to be the cause.
LIES ABOUT SOCIALISM. What socialism actually consists of has been turned into one more bogey man to trump any argument by analogy, proceeding from the erroneous premise that two or more objects observed are necessarily the same. Consistent with the fantasy world they have constructed with polite words, the right insists that the socialist experiment has yielded devastating results. Soviet communism, they insist, starved millions, bankrupted an empire, and collapsed as decisively as the Berlin Wall. Cuba, once known for its vast fields of cane, is now forced to ration sugar. And while Iran sits atop giant oil reserves, its people cannot put enough gasoline in their cars. (It would take good old Yankee know how to get things going again). Americans don’t want a European style socialist government, because the government disproportionately takes money from the wealthy to redistribute to the poor to ensure a lifestyle for them. To the right, anything they dont like is "socialism" although socialism is never defined or explained. Obama's comments about a national security force similar to the WPA and the CCC under the New Deal came during a speech in which he called for a civilian force to take some of the national security burden off the military by expanding the nation's civilian forces. The right reacted in horror, claiming they will be thrown into slavery, even though there is nothing coercive in Obama’s volunteer program. They allege that that was what Hitler did in Nazi Germany and it's what the Soviet Union did.
POPULISM. The right’s take on social issues does not include the vast majority; the workers and the unemployed. Their version of "the people" is an idealized Ozzie and Harriet small town existence- decent, hard working, involved in some small business, white and protestant. Sarah Palin, for example, is "one of the people." She's the mother of five children. She's helped run a small business, worked with her hands and knows what it's like to worry about mortgage payments and health care and the cost of gasoline and groceries. She is NOT a single mother on welfare, she is NOT an illegal immigrant, she is NOT a family living in a trailer. In a subtle way, the right paints ordinary American people as white and middle class, leaving millions out of the picture, no matter how much they may strain at getting the popular vote. "They are the ones who do some of the hardest work in America ... who grow our food, run our factories, and fight our wars.They love their country, in good times and bad, and they're always proud of America." Contrasted with these are the evil but unspecified "special interests, the lobbyists, big oil companies, and the good-ol' boys network." The problem, of course, is that the party of capitalism gulps down small businesses for breakfast in a headlong run to create monopolies, and the Republican aristocracy is anything but populist. Few people are fooled by their stab at being just plain folks.
DENIAL OF EVOLUTION. Anyone who promotes evolution is saying that things will change. The right cannot bear this, because it tries to preserve the status quo by protecting the ruling class and metaphysically denying the evolution of history. (There can only be isolated changes while the system remains intact.) This is a not only a denial of natural processes, but more to the point, a denial of politics. Clinton, they say, was not the beginning of a new democratic era--- the GOP took the Congress back. The republicans suffer temporary setbacks, but they will always be here because capitalism (the best of all possible worlds) will always be here. True to a religious-fantastic idealist approach, they offer only vague promises of redemption, used to cover up the fact that they are dominating, undemocratic and oppose equality. desirous of money and personal power, amoral, intimidating, secretely hedonistic, vengeful, pitiless, exploitive, manipulative, dishonest (they cheat to win), highly prejudiced (racist, sexist, homophobic, mean-spirited, militant nationalists who glorify war), psychophants who tell others what they want to hear, while taking advantage of advantage of "suckers" for whom they have contempt and characterize as welfare freeloaders. They specialize in creating false images to sell themselves, they are submissive to authority while at the same time aggressive on behalf of authority, all the while insisting that your future is in your hands, and if you fail its your fault because you are lazy, and they are going on to success and can’t be bothered by anyone dragging them down. They are highly conventional in their behavior, afraid of new ideas even when new ideas become an imperative. They are highly religious, in keeping with their "wishing will make it so" ideology, which is consistent with their lack of education, or, alternately, their being home schooled, or educated by "teachers" as idealistic and ignorant and anti-scientific as they. This inability to analyze makes them uncritically trusting of untrustworthy authorities, they think nothing of following others' lead in being mean spirited, narrow-minded intolerant bullying, zealous and dogmatic. In no time their hypocrisy comes to the fore, and they become inconsistent and contradictory, prone to panic easily, highly self-righteous and moralistic. Their extreme Puritanism makes them strict disciplinarians, severely punitive, people demand loyalty above all else. They possess little self-awareness. Somewhere in their subconscious they realize that things cannot go on as they are, and that the working class they loathe and fear will some day take over, so their insistence that "nothing evolves" is a source of comfort.
COMPARTMENTALIZATION. We can have blacks versus whites, gays versus straights, Catholics versus Protestants, urban versus rural, North versus South –young versus old. Ignorant people automatically gravitate toward one or the other, not realizing that issues must be handled inclusively, and not as "either—or" The right’ modus operandum is consistent with capitalist practices of compartmentalization. A product will be categorized at a certain price, while the same product, because it is in a different category, will become a "luxury item" and cost more. A few items will be on sale, and the product in its totality brings in high profits, since it is addressing different sectors, it is worth the same in each case, but the different prices allow it to yield profits that wouldn’t be there if the product was sold at the same price to everyone. In the same way Congress people will introduce a bill with "sops" or "sweeteners", to get an immoral and criminal bill passed that will benefit its corrupt author. Schools compartmentalize their subjects, so that there is no "spill over" between science, politics and economics, so that students are seldom able to see the connections that give all things meaning.are unable to grasp the interrelatedness of all things, but remain mired in mechanics, compartmentalizing and isolating phenomena. Unemployment is categorized at the 6 or 7 % range, and those who have stopped looking or never worked are ignored, so that the figure will not zoom up to 30 or 40% range. They are, coveniently, in a different category. Bait-and-switch tactics do the same thing; one category is offered, but then the real cost is shown by a different category, always to the seller’s advantage, and is set in stone, because, supposedly, categories determine the price, and categories cannot be changed. The right doesn’t want unity- divide and conquer is their tactic. They want to set the population, whom they fear and loathe, against eah other, and compartmentalizing is an effective tool in this regard.
VALUES. Those who would steal from the poor admit only to benevolence and high-mindedness, Thus the right "defends our nation (from illegals and people of color) defends our treasury (from socialism) and defends our values (puritannical) with everything they’ve got. The great tradition of the GOP is equality of opportunity (for those who can afford college or have backing for a business). Opportunity for all; traditional moral values, the sanctity of life (no abortions) and sanctity of marriage (between a man and a woman. No divorce) . Strong defense (carry assault weapons), limited government (privatize social programs). Willing to fight at every level for what we believe in (or at least send the working poor to fight) . They love "America" for its decency (or hypocrisy, since torture must never be admitted) , for its faith in the wisdom, justice and goodness of its people (who elected twice an obviously corrupt president who oversaw the crash), because it was not just a place, but an idea, a cause worth fighting for. John McCain would bring the compassion that comes from having once been powerless ... the wisdom that comes even to the captives, by the grace of God ... the special confidence of those who have seen evil, and seen how evil is overcome. this is America, and every woman can walk through every door of opportunity. The right has taken over post-modernism so that its democratic content has been eviscerated. Thus only right-wing rich Blacks, Latinos, women, gays, Native Americans, etc. will be trotted out as proof of Republican "compassion". Those the post-modernist movement was meant to highlight, people in the gehttoes, women stuck in unhappy marriages, are left where they are—poor and ignored and demonized.
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RESUME. The superstructure of any society is economic, closely followed by its political formation. It supports the judicial, religious, and cultural edifice, which in turn determine the level of social consciousness. Most people will deny they "are in it for the money, no matter who gets hurt", and they set up a complicated structure of language, culture and institutions to cover up the fact. Under feudalism, the Catholic church had stern prohibitions against usury, working on the Sabbath and other Holy days, while looking favorably on vows of poverty, none of which were any use to the rising capitalist class. Capitalism in the religious sphere would have been impossible without the Reformation. Gnostics often ask,"If God is so powerful, why does he allow poverty and murder and wars?" The religous answer is that we have free will. We chose to do right or choose to do evil. Even if you are born with, say a cleft palate, you can succeed if you exercise personal responsibility and try hard enough. The same applies if you can't meet your mortgage. Its up to you, not to society. You "deserve" the bad things. If you live off others, you have made a choice to be a free loader and have earned the contempt of the righteous because you have chosen unwisely. If there are holes in the argument, it is impolite to say so. Greatness is guaranteed if negativity is kept at bay. Wishing will make it so. If you contradict the virtuous with reality, you are an evil enemy. Control the language and you control perception. No one will ask embarrassing questions. Non-Christians, non-whites around the world must be shown the light of capitalism and christianity, which go hand in hand. It is individuals, not populations, which make a system great. Education should be privatized and never be used for science or to analyze phenomena. Students should be trained for the work force so they are not "over qualifed". Liberals are elitist wimps who want to argue fine points, and Americans dont want complexity. Liberals advocate surrender and are against wars, which can be highly profitable and assure the continuation of "the American way of life". (Therefore those who are against war are traitors). Liberals are two-faced, pretend to be your friend while engaging in machinations behid your back. The right are straight-talkers. The right wing is the majority, it has "America" in its heart, and it cultivates the support of the most jingoistic, ignorant and basic elements in the society. The right, where men are men and women are women, are ready willing and able to blow their enemies away, since they are all armed to the teeth. That is what makes America strong. The failures of the system (defeat in Viet Nam, Iraq, Somalia, etc, and poverty and crime within the country simply do not exist, or if they do, it is the fault, again, of "bad choices," and not systemic. Fight for what's right for our country, for the ideals and character of a free people. for our children's future, for justice and opportunity for all. Defend our country from its enemies. We're Americans, and we never give up. We never quit. To question American chauvinism is to be a traitor. Wealth does not originate with production. The smart money is in making a killing on the stock market, where "money" is no more than numbers on a computer screen, transferrable at the click of a button. Credit and interest rates determine wealth, and Americans are the wealthiest because they can loan money and charge high interest. Borrowed funds create disposable income, and create low income jobs, making more profits. Taxes do not create jobs, they are dangerously close to socialism. Taxes are only useful when bailing out the Fortune 500 which have crashed from too many high-interest loans and not enough liquidity. Taxes are good for fighting wars and building the infrastructure of enterprises (The corporation does not pay for the building of the factory, the working class taxpayer does, because "its good for the country"). Anarchy of production results in the contradiction between the social character of production and the private confiscation of production, and thus makes the recurring crises inevitable, but the right is unable to see that, because whenever unpleasant truths come up, the
right changes the subject; "Get a job". Although socialism is never defined or explained, it is an unmitigated disaster. Collectivization is not the natural state of human societies, collectivization is slavery. Socialism has killed millions and the captive populations yearn to be free, like the capitalists. When the Feds start to give ordinary people money, they are getting a free ride, using the money we have worked so hard for. Capitalists have a right to their money, the people don't, even if "behind every private fortune there is a crime". Rather than use tax funds, the right believes that charities, which can themselves be very profitable in spite of their non-profit status, will take care of the few social problems not solved by capitalism. Those awful people in filthy ghettoes who have made all the wrong choices because they have no self-control and don't want to work, are not the real Americans, Real Americans may be poor, but they are hard-working, decent and church-going. They are almost always white and protestant, further proof of God's mercy. Anyone who promotes evolution is saying that things will change. The right cannot bear this, because it tries to preserve the status quo by protecting the ruling class and metaphysically denying the evolution of history. (There can only be isolated changes while the system remains intact.) Capitalism will always be here-how can you have a society function without money? Their extreme Puritanism makes them strict disciplinarians, severely punitive, people who demand loyalty above reason and all else. They possess little self-awareness.The right' modus operandum is consistent with capitalist practices of compartmentalization. Everything is in its place and unrelated to anything else. If a child is murdered in Iraq, what is that to me? Why should I be responsible for a crackhead in the Bowery? I sent my factory overseas for cheap labor--Im not to blame for the unemployment it caused. That is the worker's fault-they should have taken night classes and should be looking for another job. This is the land of opportunity, but the whine instead of taking advantage of this great country and what it has to offer.